Wang, L.

The Cosmic Dust Storms in SNIa-CSM 2018evt

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Friday 12th
The Cosmic Dust Storms in SNIa-CSM 2018evt
We report evidence of dust formation in the cold, dense shell behind the ejecta-circumstellar medium (CSM) interaction in the Type Ia (SNIa) SN2018evt three years after the explosion, characterized by a rise in the mid-infrared (MIR) flux accompanied by an accelerated decline in the optical. Such a dust-formation picture is also corroborated by the concurrent evolution of the profiles of the Ha emission lines. Our models suggest enhanced dust concentration at increasing distances from the SN as compared to what can be expected from the density profile of the mass loss from a steady stellar wind. This may indicate an enhanced dust presence at larger distances from the progenitor star. The CSM dust distribution can be modeled in terms of a double-shell which assumes a sudden change of the density profile of the dust or a single-shell model with a flatter radial profile. The grand rebrightening in the MIR after day +310 is attributed to the formation of new dust within the CDS region behind the forward shock. The mass of the newly-formed dust increases rapidly with time and follows a power law with an index of 4. By the time of the last MIR observations at day +1041, a total amount of 0.01 Msun of dust has been produced, making SN 2018evt one of the most prolific dust factory among SNe with evidence of dust formations.